The purpose of this module is: a) To enable you to read most of the relevant literature with understanding of the statistical content. b) To permit you to carry out some analysis of uni-variate and bi-variate data. And c) to prepare you for more complex forms of statistical analysis if you wish. As most of the calculations are done by computer the only pre-requisite knowledge is an understanding of simple arithmetic.
The focus of the module will be on the evaluation of a range of policy and programmatic interventions, all of which have the ambition of improving health outcomes. Interventions may be preventive, curative, behavioural, inter-sectoral interventions (that may simultaneously focus on multiple sectors including, for example, improved water, health services, and education), and also routine health services, such as primary health care.
Evidence Based Practice is cited as the basis of all our public health and healthcare decisions, but what does that mean in practice? How do we know which evidence to use? When there is so much research evidence, why is there still so much controversy over the best course of public health action? The module covers how to formulate an answerable question, access, appraise, and use the evidence on a public health issue.
This module covers some key concepts of communicable disease transmission, surveillance and control. Topics include understanding the Public Health aspects of communicable disease, such as transmission, surveillance of diseases of public health importance in a given setting, application and design of control programmes, the epidemiology of common diseases, immunisation, and responding to an outbreak.
This module introduces the concepts underlying epidemiology and the main methods employed by the discipline. On completing the module students should have a good grasp of why epidemiology underpins much of the effort of those charged with promoting the health of populations and for providing services to meet health related needs. Also, students should be beginning to approach published material based on epidemiological methods more critically.
Epidemiological concepts and methods are drawn upon in the other modules of the Peoples-uni course. Understanding these is essential to getting the best out of the other course units. Thus, if you are not acquainted with some epidemiology from elsewhere you should consider doing this module (and maybe Biostatistics) early on in your association with the Peoples-uni.
The final product of the Dissertation will be a report in which students are able to demonstrate an ability to apply critically reviewed evidence to a locally relevant public health problem. This will require a review and synthesis of the evidence, leading to a proposal for action to improve the health of a population, and a reflection on how the course has contributed to the proposal and to their own professional practice.
Despite much success in reducing the global burden of morbidity and mortality from HIV, many populations still do not know their HIV status, are not accessing anti-retroviral treatment and live in societies where stigma and discrimination continue to be barriers to living healthy lives. This course module will cover the importance of location and population on the epidemiology of HIV, identify interventions with greatest impact on improving diagnosis, prevention and treatment and address key challenges to ending the AIDS epidemic.
The implementation of the recommendations of the WHO in relation to Inequalities and the Social Determinants of Health on a global or regional scale requires key stakeholders to become aware and knowledgeable about the issues. It is therefore opportune to offer a basic course that is dedicated to global / regional health inequities and social determinants of health.
This module aims to provide information to enable you to understand key nutrition issues and then integrate this knowledge into devising evidence-based nutrition interventions and evidence-based policies that meet the health and nutrition needs of vulnerable communities in your setting.